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The Pomeranian


The Pomeranian (often known as a Pom or Pom Pom) is a breed of dog of the Spitz type, named for the Pomerania region in Central Europe (today part of northern Poland and eastern Germany). Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from the larger Spitz type dogs, specifically the German Spitz. It has been determined by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale to be part of the German Spitz breed; and in many countries, they are known as the Zwergspitz (“Dwarf-Spitz”). The breed has been made popular by a number of royal owners since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian and consequently the smaller variety became universally popular. During Queen Victoria’s lifetime alone, the size of the breed decreased by 50%. Overall, the Pomeranian is a sturdy, healthy dog. The most common health issues are luxating patella and tracheal collapse. More rarely, the breed can suffer from Alopecia X, a skin condition colloquially known as “black skin disease”. This is a genetic disease which causes the dog’s skin to turn black and lose all or most of its hair.[1] As at 2013, in terms of registration figures, since at least 1998, the breed has ranked among the top twenty most popular breeds in the USA, and the current fashion for small dogs has increased their popularity worldwide.

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Veterinary Care and Breeding

Are you Prepared?


One must be fully prepared before breeding. Ask yourself:

Do you have have the money for this? Breeding involves many veterinarian bills. The pregnancy may have complications. A cesarean section may need to be performed. You will need extra food, possibly milk supplement and more.

Do you have the time? Those newborn puppies need to have a careful eye on them around the clock. Hypoglycemia is just one of the many health issues that can suddenly strike a newborn puppy.

Do you have the emotional strength? Even the best breeders in the world experience loss. Even with years of experience, there may be a puppy or puppies that do not make it. If all goes well, how will you feel when the puppies go to their new homes?

Thinking of Breeding Your Pomeranian?

Think about this carefully before you decide to breed your Pomeranian. This is not to be taken lightly and research should be done before undergoing a task requiring so much responsibility. There is so much involved to make sure that breeding Pomeranians produce healthy puppies! If you are confident that you can handle the responsibility of breeding your Pom, do keep in mind that this is one of the smallest toy breeds that exist and ethical breeding will involve placing the needs and well-being of the dam, sire and future puppies above all else. You will be spending money and dedicating a lot of time to your commitment, whether you decide to have just one litter or if you wish to start a small breeding program.

 Important Elements

All Pom owners should think very carefully before breeding their dog. Some people wish to breed “Designer Dogs”. These dogs of mixed breeds are given cute names and sound appealing…however technically to do so is to weaken the strength of the Pomeranian bloodline. This is most likely a trend and trends can disappear quickly.If you wish to breed your Pomeranian, we would hope that you are planning to breed a purebred to purebred. One of the mottoes of established, reputable breeders is to do so for the betterment of the breed. We suggest that this be taken very seriously.You will want to pair dogs to produce Poms that are excellent representations of the Pomeranian breed while working hard to eliminate genetic health issues. When this goal is met, another litter of Poms will be born that have a strong bloodline and will be part of the development of the Pom that keeps it strong and compliant to the standards.

Health Checks

To avoid passing on genetic health issues to puppies, both dam and sire must be tested to rule out certain eye disease, hearing issues and hip issues. The main tests will include:

• CERF -to check for heritable eye diseases)

• BAER – to check for hearing issues

• OFA – to check for genetic orthopedic issues including hip and elbow dysplasia 


Thinking of Breeding Your Pomeranian? Think about this carefully before you decide to breed your Pomeranian. This is not to be taken lightly and research should be done before undergoing a task requiring so much responsibility. There is so much involved to make sure that breeding Pomeranians produce healthy puppies! If you are confident that you can handle the responsibility of breeding your Pom, do keep in mind that this is one of the smallest toy breeds that exist and ethical breeding will involve placing the needs and well-being of the dam, sire and future puppies above all else. You will be spending money and dedicating a lot of time to your commitment, whether you decide to have just one litter or if you wish to start a small breeding program.


Things to remember when breeding Poms

Weight: With toy breed dogs, it is always best if the female is larger than the male; with both still falling within the acceptable standard weight. A good example would be a 7 lb. female paired with a 4 lb. male. Please note: Taking two very small “runt” Pomeranians and breeding them together to produce unnaturally tiny puppies – to be marketed as Teacups – is extremely unethical and will only produce very unhealthy puppies. Any puppies born from that type of breeding will have huge risks of major health problems. Age: How old should your Pomeranian be when you breed him or her? We suggest that a female should be at least 2 years old and have gone through a heat cycle. Pomeranian females should be retired from breeding when she is 7 years old maximum. She can continue to enter heat until she is 12 years old (and sometimes for her entire life). As soon as you know that you will not breed your Pomeranian anymore, you should have her spayed. This is very important to her health. Though males begin to produce sperm approximately at the young age of 4 months old, the lilponderosa does not accept litters sired by males under the age of 7. We suggest waiting until a male Pomeranian is at least 1 year old to use him in a breeding program. Health: It should go without saying that you should make sure your Pomeranian is healthy before attempting to breed her. She should have a complete check up at the veterinarian and get the “okay” to conceive. Both your Pomeranian and the chosen sire must have medical checkups to check for hereditary diseases which could be passed on to pups. Aside from the standard genetic testing, her pelvis should be evaluated for proper girth. In addition, consider any other issues that while they will not be passed on to a litter, would cause additional stress to be put on the dog.

How often? How often can you allow your female Pomeranian to breed? Each Pomeranian must be evaluated to ensure that they are ready for a litter. The recommended guidelines are as follows: It is recommended to wait until your female Pomeranian is at least 2 years old to have a litter. You may breed 2 heat cycles in a row and then allow a rest or breed every other heat cycle. Remember, these are guidelines only…your female Pomeranian should be evaluated by your experienced veterinarian to make sure that she is able to safely handle this schedule. For example, if your Pomeranian had to have a cesarean, extra rest in between liters is vital. Mother nature is in charge when all is said and done. However it is vital that the female Pomeranian be given plenty of rest. The dam should be retired from breeding between the age of 5 and 7. Your vet may decide that your Pomeranian should retire earlier. Again, medical testing and evaluation must be done for your dog on a regular bases to make sure that she is receiving plenty of rest in between litters and that her body is fully recovering between litters.

How do I know if my Pomeranian is adequately hydrated?
A cool little trick that I use to determine if my Poms are getting enough water is to lift up their skin on the back of their neck . Please don’t pull a fist full of skin up… gently pull their skin up and see what happens. When your Pomeranian is adequately hydrated, the skin will fall fast and back into place very quickly… if they are not, it will fall slow and create kind of a tent on their neck. If you don’t like pulling on your furry babies skin… then it is a good idea to check their gums. If their gums are moist and have a slick sense about them, then they are hydrated. If you see that they are dry or sticky then your Pom definitely needs water. I know it sounds a little crazy but there is a condition called “psychogenic polydipsia” that happens when your Pomeranians want to drink more water than they need. Most people and Vet Parkville call it “water intoxication” and can take on some weird behavior such as; staggering, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, bloating, lethargy, glazed over eyes, pupils that are dilated, light pigmented gums and most common is excessive salivation. Very rarely but can still happen is difficulty breathing, seizures, coma and with any overdose, death. Courtesy of Dog Walking Towson.



When you bring a new Pomeranian home, this is going to be a huge change; for both Pom and all members of your family. The addition to your family will affect other pets that you may have, as well.A young Pomeranian puppy needs a careful and planned introduction into your home…And a steady socialization to all things. Without a plan, your new puppy may become very stressed and overwhelmed. It is a happy time, but for a pup that is leaving all he or she knew, it can over overwhelming…Stress on a dog of any age can cause not only emotional, but physical health problems.As a loving owner, you must take charge to gently show your new Pom their new world, make a smooth introduction to all the people and/or animals that will be their new family and help them feel comfortable and welcomed. The Pomeranian is a happy and affectionate breed. He or she should have no problem blending well into any family environment by following some guidelines.

Introduction to human Family Members

Many owners do not think about the element of socializing a Pomeranian puppy to the home and immediate family members, however one should follow guidelines to make this transition go smoothly. With a good, solid foundation of socialization done for this first new change in a puppy’s life, it will set the tone for introduction to all sorts of new people, places and elements that the Pom will encounter as he grows older. If you have other family members, you should ask them to be sitting quietly in a room, for your arrival back with your puppy. A Pom will feel very overwhelmed if everyone rushes to him. A sudden barrage of loud voices, pats and hugs from a multitude of people can frighten a small puppy, even though all intentions are good. In whatever method you obtained your puppy, he will most likely already have a sense of you. He will know your smell, your voice and your touch. When you arrive home, an introduction should be made to each individual person, one at a time. Have each person say hello in a calm and pleasant voice. Allow your puppy to smell them and get a sense for who they are. Each person should have a small treat. Too many treats and your puppy’s tummy may be full by the time he meets everyone!

Introduction to Other Pets

This is a very important aspect to bringing your new family member home. One cannot expect current dog and cat pets to suddenly be socialized in the acceptance of a new dog and at the same time expect a new Pomeranian puppy to suddenly know how to get along with other animals. Since you are just getting your new dog, it is the current pets you have that must be taught to be properly socialized with another dog. It is unwise to assume that because a pet has a wonderful personality and has always shown good behavior that they will become instant best friends with the new arrival. A sudden change of having a new puppy in the home can trigger quite a mess of chaos if your pets are not ready!

Adopt a Pet

Thinking of adopting a Dog?

If you’ve never adopted a pet before, you may be wondering, how does the process work? How long does it take? How much does it cost? The information below will help give you an overview of how it works to adopt a pet from the two main types of organizations: Shelters and Rescues. Each organization is different, but it helps to understand the two main types and what to expect, so you can have a better overall pet adoption experience.

Adopting from a Shelter

Shelters include public shelters like the city and county animal shelters, animal control, police and health departments, dog wardens, and are often called the pound. There are also private shelters that might use the words “humane society” or “SPCA” in their name. They are all separate, independently run organizations or government offices. Just because shelters have similar names does not mean they are connected — just like different banks might have the word “bank” in their name. Shelters often have a physical facility, with staff, and operating hours. Some have volunteers and do adoption events around town too. If the pet you see on lilponderosapoms.com says that pet is at a Shelter and has an address with business hours, the easiest way to adopt that pet may be to go visit. That’s because some shelters are under-staffed and may not answer all phone calls or emails. Especially if the pet listing says ACT QUICKLY you should go to that shelter ASAP to see that pet! Each shelter’s adoption process is different. Here’s an example of how a shelter adoption might work:

  • You find a pet you want to adopt on lilponderosapoms.com who’s at a shelter.
  • You go to the shelter and see the pet. He’s adorable! You ask at the shelter desk and they have a staff or volunteer take him out so you can meet with him. You fall in love.
  • They put the pet back, and you go up to the shelter desk, give them your photo ID, pay the adoption fee (average range is $25 to $125), and get copies of the pet’s vaccination records and sterilization certificate so you can get him licensed.

You take your new pet home!

Adopting from a Rescue

Rescues most often have their pets in foster homes or private boarding facilities, and are run by volunteers. They may have adoption events at pet stores on the weekends. If a pet you see on Adopt-a-Pet.com says that pet is at a Rescue, be sure to read the pet description and the Adoption Process under that, and follow each rescue’s instructions. Some prefer you email them first, some prefer you fill out their application before asking about a pet, so they can answer your questions more knowledgeably. Please be patient when waiting for a response from a rescue, giving them a few days to respond. Rescue volunteers are people just like you and me, often with very full lives in addition to their rescue volunteering. Each rescue’s adoption process is different. Here’s one example of how a rescue adoption might work:

  • You find a pet you want to adopt on lilponderosapoms.com who’s at a rescue.
  • You email the rescue, who asks you to fill out their online application. The next day, one of the rescue’s volunteers calls you and you talk to them more about the pet. It seems like a good match, and agree to come meet the pet at their adoption event in a local pet store that weekend.
  • You meet the pet and fall in love. An event volunteer calls a home check volunteer, and you all arrange for a home visit. After the home visit, you get a call from a volunteer to let you know you will be the home adopting the pet! They email you copies of his vaccination and sterilization records. You arrange a delivery day for your new pet.
  • Your new pet is brought by his foster volunteer to your home! You sign their adoption contract and pay their adoption fee (usually ranges from $100 to $300 but sometimes more).

How Shelter and Rescue adoption differs from eachother

Some of the advantages of adopting from a shelter are you might be able to see many pets for adoption all at once at their facility. Many shelters have a very easy or no screening process, and will let you take home whatever pet you want the same day. Adoption fees are often lower than a rescue’s, but you may need to pay for additional vet care after adopting. Some of the advantages of adopting from a rescue are they often know a lot about each of the pets in their care, since the pets may be in foster homes. A rescue might have a more involved screening process, which can take more time, but can help you adopt a pet that is more likely to be an easier match for your home. Adoption fees are often higher than a shelter, but often include vet care that would cost more if you paid the vet yourself. We hope this overview and these examples help you better understand how you can adopt a pet. If you’re ready to start looking for a pet to adopt, click on the “Find A Pet” menu above to search for dogs for adoption. Thank you for adopting a pet!


The Pomeranian is a breed in the Toy Group known as a spunky, smart companion with a face that resembles a fox. Another recognizable trait of this lovable breed is its plush coat. The Pomeranian has a double coat, with the undercoat consisting of thick, soft fur that supports the topcoat of straight coarse-textured fur. When allowed to grow naturally with minimal, yet precise grooming, the coat of this adorable little dog will fall just right, giving your Pomeranian the fluffy look that is the trademark of the breed. The following steps provide a guide that will help when learning how to groom a Pomeranian.

Cleaning Ears and Cutting Nails

aid1338039-900px-Groom-a-Pomeranian-Step-1-Version-2Clean your Pomeranian’s ears. To begin the process of grooming your Pomeranian, swab out his/her ears with a cotton swab dipped in a non-alcohol-based cleaner. Simply lift up the dog’s ear to expose the skin and gently clean the area with the cotton dipped in the cleaner. Never put any cotton tips or cotton buds down into the ear canal. If the dog moves suddenly it could force the cotton bud deep into the ear and cause damage. The non-alcohol-based cleaner will not sting the dog’s ear like alcohol may.   aid1338039-900px-Groom-a-Pomeranian-Step-2-Version-2Trim the dog’s nails. Carefully trim the dogs nails by lifting their paws from behind and allowing the leg to bend at the joint. This is easier than trying to pull the paw toward you from the front. Try to identify the quick and leave a 4 to 5 millimeters length of nail to protect the quick. If you can’t see the quick, nibble tiny amounts of nail away with the clippers just in case the dog has long quicks, which could bleed. Cut the nails using clippers specifically made for trimming dog nails. Keep styptic powder nearby to stop bleeding if you do accidentally cut the nails too short. aid1338039-900px-Groom-a-Pomeranian-Step-3-Version-2File the dog’s nails. After you have trimmed your Pomeranian’s nails, use a file made for dog nails to file until smooth. Be sure to praise your pet when you are finished in order to help them be more cooperative when you trim their nails in the future.

Bathing Your Pomeranian

aid1338039-900px-Groom-a-Pomeranian-Step-4-Version-2Prepare to bathe your dog. Bathe your Pomeranian prior to clipping so that your clipper blades do not get dull from oily fur. Some oils, however, are good for the dog’s coat, so you should only bathe him or her about every three months unless otherwise necessary. Bathe your Pomeranian in a tub. Place a non-slip mat or towel in your bathtub or in a large kitchen sink and fill with warm water. Lower the dog into the water, but be prepared for the animal to react—some dogs like baths, while others do not. For this reason, it is a good idea to have an assistant to help. Use a cup or pitcher to pour water gently over the dog, wetting the entire coat thoroughly, but be careful not to get water in the ear canal. You can use cotton swabs in the ears to help, but do not push them too far in. Lather the dog with shampoo. Be sure to get the soap on his or her whole body, massaging it in gently as you do. Work from head to tail using a shampoo made specifically for use on dogs. Be sure scrub all areas of the animal evenly, including the tail, belly, legs, paws, etc. Rinse the Pomeranian thoroughly. Rinsing your Pomeranian thoroughly is very important, as leftover shampoo that is not rinsed off properly can cause irritation. Use a sprayer, if possible, to rinse the dog, as it will more easily reach the skin and help remove all soap. Dry the Pomeranian. Drying your dog well will facilitate the rest of the grooming process. You can use a blow dryer or allow the dog to air dry. Be careful to thoroughly dry the dog’s ears with a dry towel or paper towel. Parasites, bacteria, and yeast can build up there if not dried effectively. Brush your Pomeranian’s teeth. Using a toothbrush and toothpaste made for dogs, brush your Pomeranian’s teeth thoroughly. Some dogs may not like having teeth brushed and may resist, but keep trying for about five minutes per day, and over time your dog will be used to having his or her teeth cleaned, making teeth-brushing easier. -Do not brush too hard, as dogs have sensitive gums. -Brushing your dog’s teeth can prevent potentially fatal bacterial infections. Apply flea and tick preventative. Monthly application of a flea and tick preventative can help keep your Pomeranian healthy and beautiful. Some shampoos include a flea treatment, while other treatments are applied separately.

Brushing Your Pomeranian

aid1338039-900px-Groom-a-Pomeranian-Step-11Brush your Pomeranian. Brush your dog’s coat using a wire-pin or firm bristle bristle brush. Daily brushing is best, but a minimum of two brushings per week is recommended. Brush out from the skin instead of along the body. Regular brushings will help keep your dog’s coat free of tangles. Avoid brushing dry hair. It is widely recommended that you do not brush a Pomeranian’s coat when it is dry. Doing so can cause static and strip the protective layer of the hair shaft, causing split ends. Mist the coat with a leave-in conditioner or a homemade leave-in conditioner that is 10% good quality bathing conditioner mixed with 90% filtered water. You can also simply brush the dog’s coat after bathing. Comb out any tangles and/or cut them out. After brushing, comb through your Pomeranian’s coat with a fine-tooth steel comb to find any tangles. You can try to use your spray-on conditioner to get the tangle out, but if that doesn’t work, use scissors to cut it out. Use safety scissors available for dogs to ensure you don’t injure your pet should he make a sudden movement while you are cutting.